Anti-plagiarism tools like Turnitin.com cannot necessarily detect paraphrase tools that automatically generate alternative text for passages that users submit online ("Tools That May Discourage Quality Writing," Inside Higher Education, March 3, 2017). However, in testing some of these paraphrase tools, the quality of their wording is frequently nonsensical or too close to the original text to be of any use in a college paper.
Do you find paraphrasing from sources challenging? Why or why not?
Would you use a paraphrase generator even if the quality of their output is poor? Why or why not?
What's the best way you have found to paraphrase text?
Despite voicing his innocence, Fernando Suarez, chancellor of King Juan Carlos University in Madrid was dismissed as the head of a national education commission in Spain due to claims that he plagiarized the work of his students and other historians during a ten-year time span ("Spanish University Head Accused of Copy-Paste Plagiarism," BBC News, December 16, 2016). Recently, Suarez informed students that the institution would start using Unplag, a plagiarism checker that promotes "standards of integrity, academic honesty, and independent thinking," according to his email. University students circulated nine petitions calling for his ouster.
If you were a student at King Juan Carlos University, does an accusation provide enough evidence to call for this chancellor to leave his position? Why or why not?
If you were a student at this university, would you petition the chancellor to submit his work to Unplag to check for plagiarism? Why or why not?
Should university officials be held to a higher standard of academic honesty or the same standard as students? Why or why not?
A former Harvard Law School student lost her case against the distinguished university when a judge said that even plagiarism in a rough draft counts as an academic dishonesty infraction ("Court Backs Harvard in Plagiarism Challenge," Inside Higher Ed, October 25, 2016). In the court's opinion, it is mentioned that there were at least 23 occurrences of plagiarized material in the student's law journal work that provided a review of a patent case. The student was able to graduate although her transcript included a plagiarism notice, which seemed to prompt one law
firm to cancel a job offer.
If you submit rough drafts with plagiarized material, should you face an academic integrity penalty? Why or why not?
Should only work you submit for a grade be reviewed for plagiarism? Why or why not?
Once you are in graduate school, should the rules for academic integrity be more strict than rules for undergraduates? Why or why not?
How can this student build back her reputation if her law school transcript includes a plagiarism note on it?
Students at Purdue University can now anonymously call in academic misconduct starting this semester ("Purdue Initiates Academic Dishonesty Hotline," Purdue Exponent, August 30, 2016). According to the Associate Dean of Students, this new method for reporting is important to preserve the honor of the university and its degrees. The hotline idea emanated from the University Senate, in part, to "prevent cases rather than punish individuals" as the chairperson of that group mentioned.
If you witnessed academic dishonesty, would you be more likely to report it if there was a hotline that allows anonymity? Why or why not?
Do you think your degree from a college or university would be viewed unfavorably if an academic dishonesty scandal occurred while you were a student, even if you weren't involved? Why or why not?
Do you think it's the responsibility of all students and faculty to report academic dishonesty? Why or why not?
Do you think an anonymous hotline can cause more problems than advantages? Why or why not?
Do you think the hotline will "prevent cases rather than punish individuals" as the University Senate chairperson said? Why or why not?
A faculty committee calls for standards in academic integrity penalties ("UNR Faculty Push for Consistent Cheating Penalties," Reno Gazette-Journal, April 27, 2016). The article mentioned that a recommendation from a campus group was to have faculty report cheating issues to "an online portal" and educate professors and students on academic integrity policies. The chair of the campus group mentioned that she believes some professors do not report cheating because it is seen as a problematic process and instead impose their own punishments that can be lenient while others are harsh.
The article mentions the importance of "catching students" when they first begin college classes to cut down on cheating. Do you think the article suggests that the college is mainly interested in punishing students to stop them from committing further academic dishonesty? Why or why not?
Do you think professors should have the right to decide penalties for cheating in their classes? Or should professors be able to choose academic dishonesty penalties only from a range of options approved by a college or university? Why or why not?
Do you believe that students need to be more informed on what actions are academically dishonest so they know how to avoid cheating and plagiarism? Why or why not?
The newly redesigned Tokyo Summer Games logo was recently revealed to be quite different than the first version that was seen as plagiarizing a Belgian theater's logo ("Tokyo 2020 Unveils New Olympic Logo after Plagiarism Allegations," The Guardian (UK), April 25, 2016). The total revamp of the Olympic logo was done by a different designer after the creator of the theater's graphic commenced litigation to stop the use of the original Tokyo 2020 logo.
Do you think it was an accident that the two designers created a somewhat similar logo? Why or why not?
Do you think it's easier to avoid plagiarism with words vs. plagiarism with images? Why or why not?
Google get to continue digitizing books, making sections of them available online for free ("Supreme Court Declines to Hear Google Books Case," PC Magazine, April 18, 2016). Lower court opinion stands that even though Google did not ask for authors' permission, it is not acting against copyright laws by scanning and uploading newer books, since it only provides a look at them instead of full access as it does for older titles in the public domain. Google called its service a "card catalog for the digital age," an valid application of fair use. The Authors Guild argued for creators' rights in this litigation.
Do you use Google Books to find answers to research questions? Do you think your free use of copyrighted and public domain titles in Google Books is fair to the writers and publishers of that information? Why or why not?
Do you use Google Books to decide whether you want to purchase a book? Do you think Google Books promotes the interests of authors by making portions of their books available online for free? Why or why not?
Why Discuss Academic Integrity and Workplace Ethics?
Our society operates on the assumption that people want to do their jobs with integrity. We rely on that guideline when we trust a mechanic to fix our car, a doctor to identify what illness we have, and a restaurant chef to cook our food so it's safe to eat. It is the hope that students follow academic integrity principles so they can be assessed on their own work fairly. And when those students reach the workplace, we trust that they use the knowledge and skills learned honestly to serve their employers and clients in an ethical manner.
This blog discusses these issues proactively to encourage integrity in college and at work. The information provided is for educational use only. Views expressed are not reflective of the Lone Star College System.